Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis – Bd for short – causes a disease called chytridiomycosis that affects a frog’s ability to absorb water and electrolytes through its skin. By 2007, Bd had spread around the world and had been implicated in the decline or extinction of some 200 species.A new study finds that hybridization between a native strain of Bd and the one that’s caused the global pandemic can lead to greater infection rates and illness strength than either can alone.It was conducted by researchers from universities in Brazil and the U.S. who looked at infection in several frog species in Brazil’s Atlantic Forest. They chose that region because of its high amphibian biodiversity (despite being one of the most deforested ecosystems on the planet), as well as because it is the only known region in the world where multiple strains of Bd coexist and hybridize.The researchers say their results indicate frogs may face a future even more dire than anticipated as different strains of Bd spread around the world and combine into more harmful forms. They call for increasing global monitoring efforts to detect these shifts before they lead to new outbreaks. A fungus that has decimated frog populations around the world could get even deadlier, according to new research. The study found that hybridization of different types of the fungus creates strains that can cause greater mortality in frogs. And it warns that deforestation could make this impact worse.The fungus is called Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis – Bd for short – and it causes a disease called chytridiomycosis that affects a frog’s ability to absorb water and electrolytes through its skin. Scientists first started to take notice in the 1970s when frog populations in Central and South America started disappearing. By the 1990s Bd had spread around the world, likely aided by the laboratory trade in African clawed frogs and invasions of American bullfrogs. By 2007 it had been implicated in the decline or extinction of some 200 species.Today, biologists consider it one of the biggest threats to amphibians globally.Some research has offered a bit of hope for frogs, with a study published earlier this year in Science finding populations may be able to develop resistance to Bd.But a new study published last week in Scientific Reports adds another hurdle for frogs, finding that hybridization between a native strain of Bd in Brazil and the one that’s caused the global pandemic can lead to greater infection rates and illness strength than either can alone.The study was conducted by researchers from universities in Brazil and the U.S. who looked at infection in several frog species native to Brazil’s Atlantic Forest. They chose that region because of its high amphibian biodiversity (despite being one of the most deforested ecosystems on the planet) and because it’s the only known region in the world where multiple strains of Bd coexist and hybridize.Deforestation for agriculture and other development have reduced Brazil’s Atlantic Forest to less than 15 percent of its original extent. Some scientists estimate that less than 7 percent may remain.Scientists believe the Brazilian strain of Bd (Bd-Brazil) evolved along with amphibian populations there and, because of this, is not as harmful to them as the Global Pandemic Lineage (Bd-GPL). But when the team compared infection and illness rates of the two types of Bd and a third hybridized one, they found that the latter had a significantly worse impact on two of the three frog species they examined.The researchers write that this effect may be due to a phenomenon called “hybrid vigor” (also referred to as “heterosis”), by which the sudden surge in genetic diversity caused by hybridization leads to a more dramatic expression of advantageous physical traits. Take, for example, mules, which tend to be stronger (and smarter, according to at least one study) than either their horse or donkey parents. The same might be happening for Bd. Combining the genes of different strains of Bd could make a hybrid strain even stronger than Bd-GPL.Another reason why hybrid Bd may be affecting frogs so profoundly is reduced genetic diversity in the frogs themselves. The authors write the pumpkin toadlet (Brachycephalus ephippium), one of the frog species that experienced high death rates when infected with the strain, lives in isolated, patchy habitats that “may have limited its exposure to pathogens throughout its evolutionary history or lowered its immunogenetic diversity.”The pumpkin toadlet (Brachycephalus ephippium), endemic to Brazil’s Atlantic Forest, is highly susceptible to the hybrid Bd fungus, according to the new study. Photo by Gui BeckerThe study’s results appear to be already playing out in the real world, with previous research from the team finding that frog populations are declining and disappearing more quickly in the zone where the two Bd strains are known to hybridize.And they warn that deforestation “may tip the host-pathogen balance further in favor of the pathogen” as habitat loss stands to increasingly isolate frog populations, further reducing their genetic diversity, while “even the most fragmented landscapes in the Atlantic Forest” don’t seem to be a barrier to Bd.The researchers say their results indicate frogs may face a future even more dire than anticipated as different strains of Bd spread around the world and combine into more harmful forms. They call for increasing global monitoring efforts to detect these shifts before they lead to new outbreaks.“With globalization facilitating pathogen spread across continents, hybridization of chytrids might lead to new epidemic waves reducing amphibian biodiversity in both tropical and temperate regions,” said study coauthor Gui Becker, assistant professor of biological sciences at the University of Alabama. Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored Citation: Greenspan, S. E., Lambertini, C., Carvalho, T., James, T. Y., Toledo, L. F., Haddad, C. F. B., & Becker, C. G. (2018). Hybrids of amphibian chytrid show high virulence in native hosts. Scientific Reports, 8(1), 9600.Feedback: Use this form to send a message to the editor of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page. Amphibians, Animals, Atlantic Forest, Chytridiomycosis, Deforestation, Environment, Forests, Frogs, Fungi, Genetics, Herps, Mata Atlantica, Research, Wildlife Article published by Morgan Erickson-Davis
The Ivory Coast international was later included in PSG coach Unai Emery’s squad for Wednesday’s Champions League tie at Ludogorets in Bulgaria.The incident occurred on May 30 outside a Paris nightclub when Aurier was arrested and placed in police custody.The court heard that the troubled footballer refused to cooperate when asked to leave his tinted-glass Porsche Cayenne which police claimed was incorrectly parked outside the club in the early hours in an upmarket district of the French capital.Police said the situation turned violent when an agitated Aurier elbowed one of the officers in the chest, causing him to have to take a day off work.“The driver got out of the car straight away and apologised but the front passenger (Aurier) refused to show his hands,” the policeman told the court.Paris Saint-Germain’s Ivorian defender Serge Aurier in action against hosts Toulouse on September 23, 2016 © AFP/File / Pascal PavaniHe said he had to grab Aurier to make him exit the car, at which point the player elbowed him.Aurier denied the charge and was allowed to leave the court.“The club takes note of his condemnation. An appeal has been lodged at the end of the hearing by the player’s lawyer,” said a PSG statement.“Serge Aurier will continue to benefit from the presumption of innocence ahead of the appeal court’s decision.”Aurier later took to Twitter to express his “confidence in justice” and that he would await “the appeal … to express myself again”.The player, who has had recent disciplinary problems with his club, rejected the police account of the incident and said he was the victim of violence.He has filed a complaint against the police.Given his lack of remorse, the court went beyond the prosecutor’s request for a sentence of two months suspended or with community service. The sentence took into account Aurier’s four previous convictions for driving without a licence.The court also ordered him to pay 600 euros $674) in damages and interest as well as 1,500 euros in court costs.– ‘Lacked lucidity’ –He was described by the public prosecutor as having “lacked lucidity” during the incident and acted in a “puerile and immature” manner.Paris Saint-Germain’s defender Serge Aurier (C) rejects the police account of the incident and says he was the victim of violence © AFP / Patrick KovarikAurier, who said in court he earns 200,000 euros a month, was in trouble with his club last season after making derogatory comments about his then-PSG coach Laurent Blanc and other team-mates, including current Manchester United star Zlatan Ibrahimovic, on a social media video post.He was suspended by his club for five weeks but owned up to having committed “a stupid mistake”.However, when filming a video to apologise for his comments, Aurier behaved in an “indifferent” manner and needed several takes to get his apology right, according to France Football magazine.PSG owner Nasser Al-Khelaifi even yelled at him that he would “stay five hours if necessary, but you’ll do what we ask”, added the magazine.The year before, Aurier copped a three-match ban from UEFA after reacting to a PSG victory in the Champions League by posting a video on Facebook in which he called the referee a “son of a bitch”.But since returning to pre-season training in July, Aurier has impressed his bosses.“The club wants to underline the player’s professional attitude shown since his return on July 4.“At the same time, Paris Saint-Germain reaffirms our affection and respect for the forces of order and the jobs they do.”However, his court appearance comes on the back of Aurier being sent off in PSG’s 2-0 Ligue 1 defeat at Toulouse on Friday night, their second reverse of the season.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Paris Saint-Germain defender Serge Aurier (R) arrives at the Paris courthouse where he was jailed and fined for elbowing a police officer, on September 26, 2016 © AFP / Patrick KovarikPARIS, France, Sep 26 – Paris Saint-Germain defender Serge Aurier was sentenced to two months in jail by a court in Paris on Monday for assaulting a police officer.But the 23-year-old will not serve any time in prison as he is appealing his sentence which was less than one year.
A view of the nearly-completed fence on the northwest pool area. June 8, 2011The construction of a new pool fence continues around the west edge and north rock face of the pool area. Construction volunteer Giuseppina Scuffi [Italy] sets the grounding bolts for a fence support beam. A view of the fence facing south-east across the pool area. Planning intern Riccardo Milletari, also from Italy, secures the position of a large fence support beam on the north rock face.
With the Dragon Boat Race on Sunday 10th July, Canoe River Tours on Wednesday 13th July, Live Water Displays over the weekend of 15th-17th and the spectacular finale event on the Foyle – the Parade of Sails on Sunday 17th July – the river will be alive with maritime festivities that must not be missed!The Foyle Maritime Festival is supported by Tourism Northern Ireland, Foyle Port, Loughs Agency, Diageo, DuPont Kevlar and Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs.For further information on the Foyle Maritime Festival and a full programme of events visitwww.foylemaritimefestival.com.Follow us on Twitter @derryclipper or find us on Facebook at Derrylondonderryclipper MAKE A SPLASH THIS WEEKEND AT THE FOYLE MARITIME FESTIVAL If you’ve always wanted to know how the Clipper Race crews pass their days racing on board there will be a full programme of Open Boat Tours running Wednesday 13th – Friday 15th July, offering the chance to discover what life is like on board the impressive Clipper 70 yachts.Receive a personal yacht tour from crew members who have competed in this unique challenge. Tours leave from Foyle Marina and admission is free – please wear sensible footwear – no high heels!One of the true star attractions at this year’s festival is certain to be the Phoenix Tall Ship, famous from its many TV and movie appearances such as The Scarlett Pimpernel and Moll Flanders, and most recently Poldark and Outlander.Built in 1929, you’ll be captivated by this real treasure of the sea. Admission is free and tours run from McFarland Quay Thursday 14th July 12noon – 5pm; Friday 15th July 12noon – 8pm; Saturday 16th July10am – 5pm and Sunday 17th July 10am – 5pm. ShareTweet AS the clock ticks down until the fabulous Foyle Maritime Festival kicks off this weekend, event organisers are encouraging the public to make a splash and get on board with the many water based activities on offer.Derry’s Clipper yacht is due to arrive in the city later today from its around the world adventure.It is currently lying in second place.The Derry team were due in at 8 am this morning but this has now been revised to 5 pm this evening, Wednesday, July 6.Speaking ahead of the festival, Festivals and Events Manager with Derry City and Strabane District Council, Jacqueline Whoriskey, said: “We are delighted to have such a fantastic range of water based events throughout the festival programme this year, giving people the opportunity to get hands on with the maritime experience.“Whether you’re experienced at water sports or an absolute beginner and would just like to try something new, we have an activity to suit you. We have sailing, kayaking and canoeing for the more adventurous and for the less daring, why not take a trip on one of the beautiful boats visiting the city?“There has been so much interest in our events programme that all the places were snapped up in record time for our Clipper 70 Experience, with high demand for the tours on the Clipper Race yachts.“But with plenty more activities on offer I would advise people to check out the full festival programme for important information on times for all our other events, and to book activities early at www.foylemaritimefestival.com.” MAKE A SPLASH THIS WEEKEND AT THE FOYLE MARITIME FESTIVAL was last modified: July 6th, 2016 by John2John2 Tags:
A CIRCUS Skills Workshop and balloon modelling are among the attractions as the first Walled City Market of 2018 rolls into Derry’s Guildhall Square this Saturday, February 3.The ever popular market, organised by Derry City and Strabane District Council on the first Saturday of every month, will feature the usual wide variety of traders offering fresh foods and bespoke handcrafted products such as textiles and paintings.Nicolle Walters, Market Development Officer, expects the presence of balloon modeller Ryan Tracey and a Circus Skills Workshop provided by In Your Space to give this month’s event an extra dimension.“We are really looking forward to welcoming our traders back to Guildhall Square after a short break over January and we expect another busy and action packed day with our circus themed entertainment sure to prove an added attraction,” she said. For further information visit http://www.derrystrabane.com/MarketsFind us on Facebook at www.facebook.com/whatsonderrystrabane/ or follow us on Twitter @Walledmarket.THE CIRCUS IS COMING TO THE WALLED CITY MARKET TODAY was last modified: January 29th, 2018 by John2John2 Tags: ShareTweet “Ryan Tracey from Duff Balloons, who many people will recognise from last year’s Britain’s Got Talent series on ITV where he reached the semi-finals, will be in the square from 11am until 4pm demonstrating his skills and making balloon models for young people.“We are also really looking forward to welcoming the performers from In Your Space who will be delivering a Circus Skills Workshop with tasters sessions of different types on circus skills such as plate spinning and juggling.”Among the new traders in this year’s market will be Derry woman Deborah Lamberton’s So27 Skincare – a natural skincare manufacturing company that chooses high quality, natural and organic ingredients to create high-end skincare products with a spa feel.The Walled City Market is open from 11am to 4pm, on the first Saturday of every month and includes street food and a wide range of locally produced craft products. DerryGuildhallTHE CIRCUS IS COMING TO THE WALLED CITY MARKET TODAY
As well as releasing a number of albums, Ms Gallagher has been involved in community work in her home city.“I am delighted to receive an honorary degree,” she said.“Throughout my career as an actor I have treasured seeing people from Northern Ireland pursue careers in the arts and I have witnessed exceptional talent.“I would like to dedicate this award to everyone who is pursuing a career in the arts and expanding on our rich culture,” added Bronagh. ShareTweet Derrydirector Alan ParkerHonorary degree awarded to actress/singer Bronagh GallagherMagee CampusRoddy DoyleThe CommitmentsUlster University Ms Gallagher is one of 14 people being honoured by the university including superbike racing champion Jonathan Rea and Silicon Valley tech executive Sarah Friar.Honorary degree awarded to actress/singer Bronagh Gallagher was last modified: July 10th, 2018 by John2John2 Tags: Bronagh Gallagher with her honorary degree from the Ulster University. Pic by Nigel McDowellBRONAGH Gallagher, the singer and actress, has received an honorary degree from Ulster University for her contribution to the arts.The Derry born artist first came to public attention in Alan Parker’s film version of The Commitments, written by Roddy Doyle.